Tradition of Natural building

13 Dec

If we go all the way to the dawn of human kind the first natural house  was a cave dwelling. Big fireplace in the middle and painting of the walls make it more cozy and they leave stories behind for the next generations. With the civilization starting to form first natural building came. Versatile, lightweight, abundant and easy to work with Wood provided habitat for humans.
Stone buildings offered more protection from enemies, elements mainly fire. Here in Galicia, Spain I stumbled upon remains of iron age village Castro de Barona.

Castro de Barona

Sited on a small rocky peninsula battered with mighty Atlantic swells it is believed, that original village was much bigger and it was abandoned middle of 1st century AC. It was exciting to walk around this ancient stone walls.
In different parts of the world where wood and stone is not so abundant, people discovered that soil mixed with straw and (or) cow dung creates strong walls which are also protecting from extreme heat in summer. Some are still in tact after 2000 years. In fact in Africa big part of population still lives in earth buildings.
Driving across France I had a chance to see many different styles of
traditional natural building. These styles were changing together with the landscape. In the Alps where timber is abundant you can see many wooden houses. Driving in the valley of river Rhone I have seen many rammed earth houses.

Rammed earth wall

Continuing trough dryer land, old houses are build from stone and clay or lime mortar.

Country stone house

Many of the houses are well looked after using traditional ways, but unfortunately you can see many of them plastered with concrete. In this case concrete seals the moisture inside the wall and causes decay of the structure…

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